Birthstone listing below showing modern and accent birthstones by month.
January - Garnet, the birthstone for January, comes in many different colors; However, the most popular is the deep red colored garnet. Many representations of this stone relate to friendship and trust. Named from the Latin ‘granatum’ meaning "seed" referring to it's resemblance to the pomegranate seed, this stone is nothing but gorgeous
February - Amethyst, the birthstone representing February, has a long and interesting history. Thought to symbolize royalty with it's purple hue, this quartz stone does have many other colors and can be sourced in many areas of the world. From modern Russia to the ancient Greeks & Romans, this gemstone has tons of symbolism for every culture.
March - Aquamarine, March's birthstone. Derived from "Aqua", this gemstone was thought to protect sailors out on the open ocean. Formed from the mineral species of 'beryl', this cool blue colored stone is durable and pure. with a hardness of 7.5 on the Moh's scale, this gem is easy to care for and has favorable attributes for jewelry.
/ Bloodstone (also known as 'heliotrope' in Greek which means "sun turning") is the original birthstone for March, today, bloodstone, aquamarine and jasper are all considered birthstones for March. Perhaps this is surprising since bloodstones are usually green with red flecks and far from sun-colored.
April - Diamond From beautiful diamond engagement rings to jewelers tools and more, April's birthstone - Diamond - is one of the hardest and most important gems of modern times. Whether you are looking for the perfect color, clarity, carat, or cut (4 C's), the diamond is one of the most famous and beautiful birthstones there are. In ancient times, the Romans believed diamonds were splinters from falling stars.
May - Emerald, May's birthstone, represents youth, growth and intelligence as seen in the deeper green color it has. Coming from Greek ‘smargados’ simply meaning green stone it's rich color has been seen from royal crowns to rings and more. More rare and valuable than other stones the Emerald is known for the joy it brings.
/ Chrysoprase is a green colored gemstone variety of chalcedony. ... Chrysoprase has a hardness of 6–7 on the Moh's hardness scale. It is on the list of birthstones by month as both a May birthstone. The word chrysoprase comes from the Greek “chrys,” meaning'gold or yellow' and “prase,” meaning 'green'.
June - Having more than one birthstone, Pearl & Alexandrite, June's birthstones are as unique as it comes. Extremely rare and having "color-changing" abilities, the Alexandrite is green in daylight and changes to a purple-red hue in incandescent or artificial light. The pearl, too, is rare as it is the only Gem that is created by a living animal.
/ Moonstone- This June birthstone is sacred in India, where the popular belief is that it brings long and healthy live. In Hindu mythology, this stone is believed to be hardened moonlight. The other Eastern cultures also appreciate this gemstone very much. Moonstone is associated with moonlight virtually in all parts of the world., and also associated with the Moon Goddess in the Pagan religion.
July - Ruby, arguably the most famous of red colored stones, is the gemstone for July. Representing health and wisdom this gem comes from the 'corundum' mineral species. Hardest of natural gems aside from diamond, it is durable enough for daily wear and matches any fashionable outfit with it's deep and vivid red color.
/ Carnelian is one of the birthstones listed in the ancient Arabic, Hebrew, Italian and Roman tables and is a Zodiac birthstone for the signs of Leo and Virgo. Carnelian is a form of chalcedony, a member of the quartz family and most Carnelian is heat treated today to enhance the reddish brown color.
August - Peridot, the birthstone for August, has historic "powers" for healing and warding off nightmares. Formed deep within Earth, this gem is brought to the surface in many ways, but most commonly due to volcanic eruptions. The lime green color is the most traditional representations of this gem and can be seen in necklaces, beads, and more!
/ Spinel is available in a brilliant range of colors and is believed to protect the owner from harm and soothe away sadness.
/ The sardonyx birthstone on the other hand, a type of onyx, is a reddish brown stone with a white banding.
September - Sapphire, the birthstone of September, is most desired in its pure, rich blue color but is present in almost every color including pink, yellow and green. In the Middle Ages the gem was believed to protect those close to you from harm and also represented loyalty and trust.
October - Tourmaline and Opal. Tourmaline is a favorite gemstone for many because it’s available in a rainbow of beautiful colors. Opal gemstones are truly unique because each individual gem is adorned with a one-of-a-kind color combination.
November - Citrine and Topaz. The warm color of Citrine is said to be a gift from the sun and it’s believed to be a healing gemstone. Topaz is most desired in its rich orange Imperial Topaz color but it is found in a variety of rich colors like blue, pink and yellow
December - Zircon, Tanzanite and Turquoise. Each of these gemstones carries a unique blue tone making it a perfect birthstone for Minnesota’s frigid December winters. Zircon can be found in a variety of colors, but blue is the overwhelming favorite.
Birthstones are gemstones that accompany a birth month, each having a unique meaning and historical significance. The popularity of birthstones dates back to ancient times when civilizations believed that gemstones had incredible powers such as luck, health and prosperity. Traditionally, each month is associated with a single gemstone, but as you’ll find above there are a few months with multiple birthstones. The birthstones associated with birth months today are not necessarily the same ones that were used in ancient times.
Early in this century jewelers got together and created a new list of birthstones. In the modern times the list has been amended once more in 1912, in an effort to standardize birthstones.
An interesting point is the addition of Alexandrite. This is an incredibly rare gem and not readily available. Moonstone was added for the month of June also.
The ancient list is still used considerably. Many people mix the two as they feel best. This is acceptable, the modern list has not replaced the ancient one, but supplemented it.